History of the car and the latest options
History of the car and the latest options
Today, due to technological advances, we see new cars entering the market weekly or monthly, but not all of these cars are similar and some new options are added that make them unique, in this article We are trying to create history Mention the arrival of cars and their latest options in recent decades.
The car was not invented by anyone, but gradually evolved into what it is today. Early cars looked like chariots and were powered by steam. The life of motor cars dates back to 1769, when French military engineer Nicolas Joseph Cagnot built a steam tricycle to pull and transport cannon pieces, which collided with a wall, causing the first driving accident. In the history of road cars. Then in 1784 a steam-powered car was built by the Scottish engineer James Watt, which was not very efficient. In 1802, the Englishman Richard Troitick built a steam car that traveled the distance between Cornwall and London. The market for strollers and steam cars in England flourished until 1865, when competition with railroads and the passage of explicit speed laws finally ended the life of these vehicles. The first practical rides powered by a gasoline engine were created in 1886, and the major builders were Carl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler, who worked separately. In 1807, Franco Isaac de Rivaz invented the first hydrogen-powered internal combustion engine. In 1886, the first gasoline-powered car, the Benz Patent-Motorwagen, was invented by Carl Benz. But the development of the automotive industry must be recorded in the name of Henry Ford , Because in 1908 he launched the first mass-produced car (Ford T) to international markets and expanded the industry. But before the discovery of the mass production line of cars by Henry Ford, companies such as Renault and Peugeot were also active in this field in a limited way and produced their cars in a prototype and four wheels, which happened to be the first car imported to Iran by a French company. It was Renault and was imported by Muzaffar al-Din Shah Qajar in 1900 or 1270 AH. Today, cars are more than just engines, gearboxes, cabs and tires. If we take a closer look, we will see that this vehicle is equipped with some of the latest technologies and technologies and is now much smarter, more efficient and safer than before. One of the main reasons for the introduction of new technologies to cars is related to fierce competition and the continuous efforts of automakers to overtake each other. Gaining more market share, make extensive plans for the development and implementation of advanced technologies. This has caused the automotive industry to remain dynamic and seek to acquire new technologies. In this article, we have tried some of these systems and features that are being used in modern cars around the world
1.Keyless access and start
The key starter system was first used in 1982 in the French Renault Fugo, and later by General Motors cars. This is one of the new features of today’s cars is the keyless entry system, which Allows you to lock or unlock car doors as well as start the engine without the need to use a key. The key starter system uses radio waves to send a series of waves with specific codes from the car switch to the car’s immobilizer sensor. The function of this electronic locking system is such that the driver, with a switch or smart card, when the car reaches a distance of one meter, the doors are unlocked automatically and after entering the car, the driver can press the start button and hold the brake pedal. Turn on your car
2.Intelligent cruise control
Cruise control technology was originally invented in 1788 by James Watt and Mathew Boulton to help control steam engines. It keeps the speed constant by adjusting the amount of fuel entering the engine. The new generation of cruise control called Adaptive Cruise Control (Adaptive Cruise Control) also has the ability to detect the distance with the car ahead. This system, similar to a conventional cruise control, controls the car’s speed based on the driver’s desired speed. However, since this system is equipped with special sensors, it adjusts the car’s speed according to the distance to the car in front. he does. Therefore, if the distance from the car to the car in front is less than the allowable speed due to the reduction in the speed of the car in front, the car speed is intelligently out of control of the cruise control and is reduced.
In general, any screen embedded in the roof of a car to allow light or air to enter the car is called a sunroof. Some sunroofs can be opened and closed while others are fixed. Sunroofs are usually transparent. In the 1970s, interior and electric glass sunroofs were called monorays. The sunroof is made of glass, which makes up about a third of the car roof. Sunroof is available in both manual and electric forms, but today, despite the superior technology in this field, the manual mode of sunroof is obsolete. There are different types of sunroofs, which can be referred to as “pop-up” sunroof, Spoiler sunroof, In-Built sunroof, Folding roofs, Removable sunroofs, Glass roofs. Do
The smart park system was introduced for the first time in France. The Smart Park System or Smart Park Assistant is actually the translation of the term Intelligent Parking Assist and it is called IPA for short. When the smart park is switched on or ready, the car is displayed on the screen by measuring the available space and if the space is suitable. All steps are carefully shown on the screen to the driver. The driver also controls the speed of the car throughout the process
5.Chairs equipped with ventilation system
Car seats are undoubtedly one of the most important parts used in cars. For this purpose, another option that has been used in luxury cars for the driver’s comfort and driving pleasure is seat cooling and heating, which has the ability to increase or decrease the amount of cold, and thus health, medical and sweating issues. The waist and hips are destroyed. Accordingly, the fabric used for the car seat should be porous so that the air can move easily. For this purpose, several fans are installed inside the seat to blow air to the passenger. Seats equipped with air conditioning system that provides cold air to the passenger. They have two types of structures. Some manufacturers install a small converter cycle inside the car seat to cool the air directly. Some other manufacturers also use the car’s main air conditioning system
The “Automotive navigation system” is part of the car control system or a third-party system that, by adding it to the car, makes it possible for the car to navigate and find its location. The system typically receives position information by communicating with the global navigation satellite system, which shows the vehicle’s position on the road. Routing can calculate position when navigation is required. The car GPS navigation system consists of two parts: part of the GPS receiver and display equipment installed in the car. The other part is made up of computer control centers and the two parts are connected by positioning satellites
7.360 degree camera
This new system has upgraded the auxiliary camera technology that was most prevalent in the automotive industry. And provides new capabilities and facilities to the driver. With the cameras and sensors in this system, a special software processes the information obtained from these sensors. Gives the driver a full 360-degree view of the space around the car. With this feature, the driver will have more ability to control the car, especially in tight spaces. The Around View Monitor system uses four separate cameras. These cameras are installed in front, rear and under the side mirrors. This final image is accompanied by high accuracy and allows the driver to perform difficult maneuvers parking in a narrow space.
The head-up was first used by General Motors and installed on the Pontiac Grand Trix. The head-up system (HUD) is a clear digital image that is reflected on the windshield and displays all the information that the driver can access through the dashboard. The main idea behind designing such a system is to keep drivers focused on the track. In fact, essential car information is also displayed where drivers should look. This allows drivers to spend less time looking at the phone or other systems in the car dashboard. Thus, focusing more on the route means less accidents and safer driving for everyone.
Electronic stability control (ESC), or Electronic Stability Program (ESP) or Dynamic Stability Control (DSC), is a computerized technology for vehicle stability that can potentially improve safety by detecting and minimizing slips. . In general, when this system detects a car deviation, it brakes to help the driver steer the car in the desired direction. These brakes can be applied individually to each of the car’s wheels. The first inventors of this system, Mercedes-Benz and BMW, introduced the first traction control system in 1987. ESC reduces crashes by up to 34% for regular vehicles and up to 59% for SUVs
10.Night vision system
The history of the automotive industry shows that the first use of Night Vision systems in this industry was made by General Motors. The night vision system uses infrared light that, in addition to being invisible, can detect moving obstacles from their body heat. This system is classified according to its wavelength into three ranges: near infrared (NIR), medium infrared (MIR) and far infrared (FIR). The active system, or NIR, emits infrared light, similar to systems Nezami illuminates the night for you. In contrast, the passive system uses FIR technology. Unlike the night vision system used in military systems, the BMW system creates images based on body heat and produces a negative image similar to a photographic film.
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